It commonly refers to the second raise (or first re-raise) before the flop, though the term also refers to any bet that introduces a 3rd (higher) amount in a street .  To illustrate, if the blinds are $.25/$.5, and you raise to $3 preflop, you’re raising (or 2-betting) the blind amount. If a villain re-raises to $9, he is 3-betting.

A bet that raises the amount that comes after a 3-bet (the second re-raise)  in a betting round, though this is usually seen before the flop. For example, if the blinds are $.25/$5, and you raise to $3 before the flop, you’re raising (or 2-betting) the blind amount.  If someone re-raises to $9, they’re 3-betting you, and if you again re-raise to $20, you’re 4-betting

A third re-raise in a betting round, usually seen before the flop.  For example, if the blinds are $.25/$5, and you raise to $3 before the flop, you’re raising (or 2-betting) the blind amount.  If someone re-raises to $9, they’re 3-betting you, and if you again re-raise to $20, you’re 4-betting. If you’re opponent raises again, that’s a 5-bet

Poker games that have a maximum of 6 players.  Usually when something is named N-Max, the N refers to the maximum no of players.


A hand made up of two pairs where one pair is aces.

Action refers to someone’s turn to act in a betting round.  For example, if an action is on player 1, it means it’s player 1’s turn to act.  Additionally, a game with frequent betting and raising is often described as an action game.

Refers to a card that possibly completes draws and/or improves hands to the point that it’s likely to induce action from the players in the hand.

An additional amount of chips that a player can purchase in some poker tournaments after the initial chips they get for registering

A statistic used in online poker tracking software like PokerTracker and Hold’em Manager, that gives the ratio of a player’s aggressive actions (bets or raises) to their calls. It gives an idea if a player’s tendency to be aggressive or passive.  Its formula is (bets + raises)/calls. For example, a player with an AF of 3 has bet/raised three times as often as they’ve called.


A stat used in online poker tracking software like PokerTracker and Hold’em Manager,  that measures the aggressive bets and raise actions in a given street.
Its calculated by:  [(bets + raises)/(bets + raises + calls + folds)] * 100.

A style of playing in which the player tends to bet or raise more often than they check or call.

A weak (usually losing) hand that has very little to no value.

A bet wherein a player commits all of his chips to the pot.

Means an underhanded or unethical tactic, such as acting out of turn or pretending to put chips into the pot to attempt to gain an edge/information against opponents. While not usually strictly technically illegal, angles are moves that are poor taste and unfair

A mandatory bet that all players must contribute to the pot preflop.  Mostly seen in Chinese app poker games.

Any Two Cards, or ATC, means any combination of two cards from the deck.


A  re-raise made by a player who called previously in the same round of betting.

A person that supplies bankroll to poker players, allowing those players to play at higher stakes than they normally would on their own bankroll. A backer normally has a deal with a poker player that involves an agreement to share profits from the games the player plays in with the backer’s bankroll

When a player holds a very strong hand in one street that nevertheless loses on succeeding streets after the dealing of further cards, either to a stronger hand or because of a suck-out

Refers to the style of play wherein you take actions in the same frequency whether you hold a strong or weak hand, thereby keeping patterns from being noticed by opponents.

Refers to all the money set aside by a person exclusively for playing poker.

Any bet made in a poker game can be called a barrel; barreling usually refers to betting consecutively across multiple streets. For example, a double barrel refers to betting on the flop, getting called, and betting again on the turn.

A measurement of how much a person has won, expressed in terms of how many big blinds you have won per 100 hands.  (winnings/big blind amount)/(#of hands/100).  For example, if you play $.5/$1 stakes and you win $100 over 1000 hands, your bb/100 is 10.


The first amount of chips committed to the pot on any street

To take initiative from the player who was the last aggressor by betting before they have the chance to make a continuation bet.  

The larger bet sizing used on the turn and river in fixed limit games. For example, in a $1/$2 fixed-limit game, the $2 bet on the turn and river is considered the big bet.

A poker game that uses a pot limit or no limit betting structure

The preflop mandatory “bet” that the player seated two seats clockwise of the dealer is required to wager.  

The act of calling from the big blind.  Mathematically speaking, the big blind has the widest range of hands that you can call with  because it has the largest money already invested in the pot and therefore would need the smallest additional money to call any bet.

When the player in the big blind  wins a pot with a relatively poor hand because there was no raise preflop and he/she was able to see the flop for free.

A nickname for hole cards that is any combination of an Ace and a King

Also known as a brick, a blank is a community card that likely doesn’t improve any player’s hand.

A forced preflop “bet” traditionally given by the two players immediately clockwise of the dealer.  Recently, there have been game formats were the blind places have been changed from the one above.  See Big Blind and Small Blind.

A bet made by the player who is out of position designed to discourage the a larger bet that will be probably made by an opponent if a check is instead done.  

Refers to cards that a player has that can serve to improve the hand of his/her opponent (i.e. he has one of his/her opponent’s outs).  For example, if a player has a pocket 8’a  and the board is A54, and his opponent has 67, the player has two blockers because he has two of the 8 cards needed by his poponent to get a straight.

A deceptive act consisting of betting or raising while holding a perceived relatively weaker hand in order to force opponents with perceived stronger hands to fold.

A relatively weak made hand such as a small pair or AK high, for example, that can only win by calling an opponent’s bet that is a bluff, which means that opponent’s hand is even weaker and his/her bet was made to make other players fold.

Is the potential of a hand to connect with as many community cards as possible thus increasing its playability.

A hand in which all players at the table agree to put a pre-determined amount of money in the pot before the community cards are dealt. A bomb pot hand usually skips the preflop betting round, with betting resuming once the flop is dealt.

Programs designed to play poker without direct human oversight. They are illegal and unethical to use.

Getting a pair with the lowest board card and one hole card.

Money that would be won by a player for eliminating an opponent in bounty tournament games.

The system of playing stakes that you can comfortably afford based on how much your bankroll is.

Broadway, also known as a Broadway straight, is a ten-to-ace straight. The cards that make up this straight (A-K-Q-J-T) are also known as Broadway cards.

The last player eliminated in a tournament before receiving a payout. The final-table bubble means finishing in the 10th position if the final-table consists of 9 players.

The top card of the deck that is placed into the muck (or discarded) by the dealer every street before dealing the flop, turn, or river

When a player runs out of chips in a game, he is considered to be busted.

The thing that is placed in front of the “dealer” that moves clockwise each hand, indicating where the dealer (or last person to act) is. An actual button would be in games that use a professional dealer. Button (or on-the-button) is also used to describe the dealer position.

The money required to play in a particular poker game. In tournaments, it’s the cost to enter that goes to prize pool as well as the rake earned by the casino.  Cash games typically require a minimum buy-in to play.

Anew player who sits at a game between the Button and Small Blind has the opportunity to play from the button position in the next hand if they “buy the button”, meaning if they pay both the small and big blind. 


Matching a bet made by another player in the hand.

The act of giving a player a set amount of time to make a decision, or risk having his/her hand declared dead.

It’s aim is to discourage a player from taking an excessive amount of time in making a decision.  

A passive player, usually also loose, who frequently calls bets instead of raising, usually with marginal hands.

Cap can mean one of several things:

1. The maximum number of raises allowed in a round of betting, usually three or four in most limit games.

2. The upper limit that can be bet or raised at once.

3. The maximum allowed buy-in for acash game. An “uncapped” cash game means there is no max buy-in amount.

4. A player placing a chip or token atop the hole cards or the dealer placing a chip atop the rest of the cards in the deck that are not dealt for protection

Last card of a particular rank that can be drawn, for example if you hold 7♥7♦ and the board is 7♠8♠2♣, he “case eight” would be the 8♣.

A game in wherein  chips represents  money on a 1-to-1 ratio, and players can come and go as they please.  Unlike tournaments where chips do not represent actual currency.

Lasting long enough in a tournament to reach the position wherein players are paid.

Getting the card(s) needed to make a strong/winning hand.

To call a bet without proper pot odds with the goal of getting cards that will make one’s hand stronger.

The act of deferring one’s betting option for the time being, with the turn or action then moving to the next clockwise player. If someone else bets, any player that has checked must call, fold, or raise.

Folding while not facing a bet wherein one could check instead.   This is typically considered a breach of the rules, similar to folding out of turn.

Checking, then raising when faced with a bet. A check-raise is a play that usually indicates a strong hand, but can also be used as a bluff.

A form of cheating  in which a player deliberately  loses chips to another person in the game.

The person with the most chips at any given time in a tournament.

Exchanging the  smaller denomination chips for higher denomination ones in a tournament after blinds have risen to a level that makes them unnecessary.

chop can mean:

1. Splitting a pot between two or more players who have the same hand strength or are both winners, such as in games like Omaha Hi-Lo

2. It can also be an agreement between remaining tournament players to split the remaining prize pool instead of continuing play.

Came from online play where players click a button to perform an action such as raising.  Clicking back refers to making a minimum reraise.

Also known as a “flip,” It is a situation in which two players have a fairly equal chance of winning a hand. This term is comes from the flipping of a coin in which there’s a 50-50 chance of landing on a head or tail. For instance , 88 versus QJ preflop is a coin flip.

To call a raise after a bet AND one or more raises. It means a player is calling both the original bet and the raise/s.

cold deck can mean either:

1. A deck that has been tampered with that is deceptively swapped with a legitimate deck to give a player an unfair advantage.

2. A round with an unusually number of strong hands, usually resulting in big losses for 1 or more players.  For example, if three different players held AK, QQ, and JJ in the same round, that could be considered a cold deck.

Cheating involving two or more players working together for a specific outcome.

In a tournament context, same as Chip Up (see Chip Up).  In cash games, cashing out of a game and exchanging chips for larger denominated ones usually for play at a bigger stakes game.

The number of different card combinations that make up a particular hand. For example, in Hold’em, there are six possible combos of pocket 99 (9♦9♣, 9♥9♠, 9♦9♥, 9♦9♠, 9♥9♣, and 9♣9♠).

Also called the board, refers to the cards dealt by the dealer that anyone can use to make their final hand.

Mostly in Limit games, it is the act of increasing the minimum bet to a full-size one. For example, a $1/$2 Stud game might use a $.5 minimum bring-in, with the full bet size for the 1st round of betting at $1. If the bring-in player decides to call the $1 bet, they are completing the bet.

In Holdem, can also be used to describe the person in the Small Blind position calling to match the money in the Big Blind.

A starting hand that contains two cards of consecutive or near consecutive values, which can either be suited or unsuited. 23, 79, and KQ are all considered connectors.

When a player follows through his/her preflop raise with a bet on the flop, this is a referred to as a continuation bet or c-bet. If a player that c-bet on the flop bets again on the turn, this is called a turn c-bet A third consecutive bet on the river is known a river c-bet.

A situation wherein a player holds a very strong hand which is statistically the best hand most of the time, but then loses to an even stronger hand and often loses a huge amount of chips as a result 

Holding a hand that loses value due to the board making a better hand. For instance, if you hold 75 on a flop of T-7-5, and another T comes, your hand, which was a 2-pair, has been counterfeited, as now any player holding T, or better pocket pair now beats you.

Nickname  for a pocket kings (KK).

Beating a hand that is much better preflop.  When 22 hits a set to beat AA, it has cracked pocket aces.

Can mean either:

  1. To have such a strong hand that that makes it unlikely for other players to also have strong hands.
  2. To lose most, but not all, of your stack in a tournament.

A bet between players in the same tournament or cash game, in which the player who loses owes the winner a percentage of that player’s net winnings (vs. the losing player’s net winnings) in the event.

To illustrate, If Gordon and Asimos make a crossbook for 10 percent of the Triton Main Event, Gordon cashes for $5,000,000 and Asimos cashes for $10,000,000, Gordon would owe $500,000 on the crossbook bet ($10,000,000 – $5,000,000 * 0.10).

A call that is reluctantly made, usually on the river, because of the relatively high chance that the calling hand is not the winning hand.

The position next counterclockwise of the dealer button is called the cutoff.


Used to describe an action that was done (usually by announcing) before a player has looked at his/her hole cards or before the dealer deals the next street.

As opposed to a “live blind”, a dead blind is a blind in which the player who owns it can’t raise, even if other players simply called.

 A hand of a player who can no longer participate in the current hand due to some circumstance, usually a violation of some sort.

Money put in the pot by a player who is not anymore involved in the current hand.  It can also refer to money owned by players who are perceived to be weak, and thus easy to take.

Dealer refers to the person who has the button position.  Traditionally this has also been the player who deals the cards and distributed pots in a poker game. 

A game in which the dealer has the option to decide the kind of game that will be played in the following hand or orbit.

deep stack can refer to having a big stack in a game, typically more than 100 big blinds,  It is also usually a name for tournaments with a starting stack that is big compared to the blinds and antes, they being called deep stack tournaments.

A nickname for the number two. So pocket twos are also called pocket deuces. 

To take cards out of play and throw it into the muck is to discard your cards.

Short for underdog, or someone who is less likely to win the hand.

A hand that has a similar card to another hand, but then has a lower 2nd card.  For example, AQ is dominated by AK.


An bet made by a player who was not the aggressor in the previous round/street and who is also out of position versus said aggressor. 

Also called a donk or fish, it refers to a player who is perceived to lack skill.  Sometimes this also refers to recreational players.

The door card is the first card that is seen when the flop is dealt in Holdem and Omaha games. 

A straight draw that can be completed by two non-consecutive cards.  For example on a flop of 678, having a T4 is considered having a double gutshot draw.

Applicable in Omaha, a double suited hand is one means a hand comprised of two cards of one suit and two cards of another.

Going all-in and then winning the hand against someone with a similar or bigger stack, effectively doubling the original stack fo the winner.

A situation where one experiences a statistically improbably number of consecutive losing sessions.

A hand that needs further hands to become a made hand.  To illustrate, in Texas Hold’em, if a player holds Q♥3♥ and the flop comes K♥7♥6♠,  that player can draw to a flush.

Type of poker in which players can get rid of cards from their hand and draw new cards to improve their hand.  Draw poker examples are Triple Draw Lowball and Five-Card Draw.

Is a situation in poker wherein a player cannot win against another opponent no matter what card he draws.  Conversely, it means that no card in the deck can help that player win the hand.

A step from drawing dead, its the situation wherein there are so few cards that can be drawn to win the hand.

Boards wherein no possible flush or straight exist.  An example is J22 with each card having different suits.

Another nickname for pocket 2’s


The 2 or 3 seats directly clockwise of the big blind position. They are said to be in “early position

Type of poker that aims to make the best low hand with cards that are all 8 or lower.   Examples of such games are Omaha 8 and Seven-Card Stud 8.

The ratio of the pot, usually a percentage,  that belongs to a player based on his/her odds to win. This can be expressed as a percentage.  In an overpair vs underpair situation, the overpair has 80% equity

Equity denial is preventing an opponent from realizing his equity by forcing him to fold and not reach showdown.  

Equity realization is the situation wherein you are able to receive/get your hand’s equity, whatever it will be by the river, by being able to bring it to showdown.

The amount, on average, a particular action expects to win or lose.  It may differ from what you actually end up getting because of bad beats.


Exploitative strategy is where you identify imbalances/non-optimal tendencies in your opponent’s play and make the necessary adjustments to profit from them.

Cards that are mistakenly or purposefully turned face-up before they should be by either players or the dealer.


A pot that involves almost every, if not all, players at the table.

Playing a hand in such a way as to put as much money in the pot as possible because of the player’s perceived strength of his hand.

Is what you call a hand that has more probability to win than another hand.

Ranking of a player’s hand after all cards are dealt and evaluated.

The table that contains the last players in a tournament.  It could also refer to the situation, instead of the table itself, wherein all remaining players can sit on a single table.

A spot wherein a call was made wherein a raise or re-raise was possible.

Calling a bet of a player who was the last aggressor in the preceding street, usually with the intention of bluffing to get the pot. 

The first 3 cards that are dealt by the dealer in Holdem and Omaha games.

The act of discarding your hand thus ending your involvement in the current hand.

Means the chances that an action will cause an opponent to fold.

A bet that is required to start the hand, like antes and blinds.

The rule that states moving chips toward the pot (usually at the center of  the table) is committing those chips to the pot.

Holding cards of the same suit such as when combined with the community cards forms a hand that has 4 cards of the same suit, thus needing only a single card go become a flush.

A hand that has 4 cards of the same rank

A card seen without any players calling a bet (usually because they all check) is called a free card.

  1. A tournament that has no money required to join.
  2. H hand that, in the worst case, is splitting the pot with the opponent.

A tournament that doesn’t allow re-entries or rebuys.

Another name for a boat, which is a hand that consists of a pair and three of a kind.

Games that have 9 to 10 players on a table.


A theoretical playing style that is impossible to be exploited by opponents, as a result, the best they can do is break-even against it.  

Introduced by David Sklansky to mean that you need a stronger hand to call with than to open raise with, thereby having a “gap” between the strength of the two.


Getting chips from your stack in cash games, with the aim of limiting the amount you can lose.  It is considered a violation in many gambling establishments.

Someone who plays poker regularly, usually with significant volume, and consistently makes money as a result.

Another name for inside straight, it means a straight draw that can only complete through 1 card of a particular rank.


When all tables of a tournament play one hand and wait while other tables also play 1 hand to make sure each table plays the same number of hands.  Usually done as the bubble of a tournament approaches.

The record of poker hands a person played online.  It usually refers to the entire collection of hand information a player has.

Describes a hand or situation that involves only two remaining players.

A situation wherein one gets a statistically inordinate amount of good cards, often resulting in a winning streak.

When a hand is discussed, the hero is the player whose perspective the reader/audience  shares, and is usually whose hand they can see before showdown.

A call or fold that is difficult to do because of the perceived weakness or strength, respectively, of one’s hand given the situation/action/board.

Poker games wherein the high hand and best low hand share the pot.

The best hand in a particular time interval/round/situation is called the high hand for that interval/round/situation.

Means a person who usually plays high stakes games.  It also means a tournament that has a high buy-in, usually $25k or more.

Games that have high blinds or buy-ins.  In online games, $5/$10 games are considered high stakes while $10/$25 in live games.

The position to the right of the Cut-Off and two positions to the right of the Button.

Leaving right after winning a pot (usually a big one).  It is legal but frowned upon.

A software used in online poker to record hand histories and calculate statistics of players’ actions on the table.  It also displays these statistics on a HUD

Cards that are dealt to the player such that he is the only one that can see them.

A game, usually private, that is held outside a casino, usually at someone’s home.

A type of poker game that changes to one of 5 limit poker variants each round.  It is also an acronym that stands for the 5 games it alternates in:

H – Texas Holdem

O – Omaha Hi/Lo Split-Eight or Better

R – Razz

S – Seven Card Stud

E – Seven Card Stud Hi/Low Split-Eight or Better

The venue/establishment that runs the poker games and collects rake.

A software tool used in online poker that statistically quantifies an opponent’s actions in the game and display them to the user.


or Independent Chip Model allows players to estimate a money-value on their current stack based on tournament variables like payouts, etc.

The amount of money a player is expected to make if he makes a strong hand, usually by the river.

It means able to act after somebody in a betting round.  For example, Cutoff is in position of Under-The-Gun.

A point in a tournament where payouts are given, traditionally after the bubble.

Making an action with the goal of making the enemy do a certain play.  For example, “he bet 1/8 pot to induce a raise from his opponent”.

Raising with the intent of playing one-on-one, or heads-up, with one of the players who are already in the pot.



Hole card that is not used to form a pair or better but is still used to determine the final hand.  Used to break ties among players with the same hand.  If you have A4 and the board is A8823, your final hand is AA884, with 4 as your kicker.

Raising the blind limits in a hand to double it normally is.  There is also a half-kill which means the blinds are raised 50% of what they normally are.  Usually used to stimulate further action.

Type of poker tournament wherein players are awarded money when they eliminate opponents from of the tournament.  It also has payouts like other regular tournaments.


Nickname for pocket Queens or QQ.

Playing style that is characterized by playing a wide range of hands and hi-frequency of betting and raising.

To bet into the pot without being the last aggressor.

Periods of time in tournament poker where the blinds are constant.  

Evaluating one’s current situation in a game beyond what is obvious, usually considering or in response to what the player thinks his/her opponent is thinking.

A game wherein the betting structure and size of allowable bets are constant and fixed.

Getting involved in the hand preflop by calling instead of the usual practice of raising.

Refers to the collective betting action used in a particular hand. 

Refers to a relatively weaker hand that is not dominated (that doesn’t have hole cards that a rank that the stronger opponent also has in his/her hole cards).

The games that are above micro stakes but lower than midstakes.   25NL to 100NL in online games and NL200 to NL600 in live games.


An estimate of how long a player will last in a tournament before getting blinded out.  It is calculated using the total cost in chips for a whole orbit.

A hand that consists of a pair or better.  Opposite of drawing hands.

It refers to the amount of money a player has to win to recover the losses that a backer/staker has sustained as a result of that player’s games.

A player who is very aggressive and bets and raises even in spots where they shouldn’t.

The player on the table who everyone perceives to be the weakest, and thus the source of future winnings in the game.

Premium charged by a player to investors.

Hand range that is composed of weak, medium and strong hands.  The range is called merged when a player takes the same action, whatever the strength of his hand is. 

Games that have up to .10$/.25$ stakes.

Online games from $1/$2 up to $3/$6 (aka 200NL up to 600NL ) and live cash games from $5/$10 up to $10/$25.

A pair that is made with the second highest ranked card on the board.  For example on a flop of K82, having an 86 hand would give you 88, which is in this case the  middle pair

The position immediately to the left of Under The Gun position. In 6-Max games, the position two seats on the left of the Big Blind.

A theoretical concept that states the portion of your range you should call with when facing a bet so that your opponent can’t exploit you by bluffing

A card that is very unlikely to to be drawn, that is drawn and helps a hand with a very low chance to win be the winning hand.

A hand is called a misdeal if it has been ruled invalid, as a result of an infraction, and therefore all cards must be collected, reshuffled, and redealt.

Means to not make a drawing hand after a card or all cards,  has been dealt.  It also refers to a hand that doesn’t form a made or drawing hand with the cards that is currently on the board.

A required bet not posted by a player, usually by being away from the table.

Hand that is most of the time likely to be the best hand on a given street.

Means either:

  1. To fold one’s cards.
  2. A place where cards that are no longer in play in the current hand go to.

Tournament that has a number of players that necessitates multiple table to seat them all.

A pot wherein more than two player are involved.


A theory of playing poker wherein each player is playing a perfect strategy that keeps other players from profiting.  It forms the core of GTO strategy in poker.

A type of poker player who plays very few starting hands, usually strong ones like AA, KK, QQ and also has a style of play that prefers to stay away from risk.

Poker games wherein a player can put any amount of money at any given time.

Refers to the situation when a player has more combination of very strong hands than his/her opponent in a given situation.

The best low hand in hi-low split games which is usually the A to 5 straight.

The best possible hand.


Hole cards that have different suits is called an offsuit hand.

A type of poker game where players are dealt 4 hole cards, two of which must be used to form their final hand.

A rule that states that putting a chip in the pot, even if it has a higher value than the last bet, is considered only a call unless the player announces that it is a raise.

Hole cards that have 1 rank in between them.  For example T8 is a one-gapper.

To bet first into a hand is to open the hand.

A hand that consists of 4 consecutively ranked cards, thus needing only 1 card to complete the straight.  The card’s rank can come be at either side of the 4 cards’ rank.  For example, having 34 hole cards on a 56K board is an open-ended straight draw.

Being the first to be into the pot by calling, instead of the usual practice of raising.

Making the first bet pre-flop by going all in.

The choice that is given to the big blind or straddle to check or raise when its their turn to act preflop.

Refers to the situation wherein the blinds have rotated to every player in the table or the time it takes for that rotation to happen.  

A card that, when drawn, is perceived to make the player’s hand the winning hand.

Acting before someone is being out of position relative to that player.

Is a situation when a made flush loses to a higher flush.  

The act of calling a bet after another player has also called.  It can also refer to a player who calls more than they should in a given situation.

A card in a player’s hand that is of higher rank than the highest ranking card on the board,  or a card on the board with a higher rank than any card in the player’s hand.

A pair that is has a higher rank than the highest ranking card in the board.


Nickname for any Jack, Queen, or King rank card.

Two cards that have the same rank when combine forms a pair.

A playing style that is characterized by its tendency to call, instead of taking initiative by raising or betting.

Occurs when the best hand a player can have is composed all of community cards.  

The potential of a given hand to be able to connect with possible community cards.

Hole cards that have the same rank.

A nickname for having two aces as hole cards.

Refers to a player with great skill.

A software used in online poker to record hand histories and calculate statistics of players’ actions on the table.  It also displays these statistics on a HUD

Means a hand range consisting of hands that are either very strong or very weak.

A player’s seat, relative to the button.

When someone gets to act after someone, they have positional advantage, on that player.

The act of making a forced bet like blinds and antes is to post your blinds and antes.

Chips/Money that will be given to the winner/s of the hand.

The situation wherein a player has invested a majority of his stack and which resulted in a large pot in relation to his remaining stack that he/she can’t fold.

Checking or calling, instead of betting or raising with the intention of not making the pot large, usually as a result of a hand that is not certain to win.

A type of poker game wherein the maximum bet is the current size of the pot.

The ratio of the pot size to the amount that needs to be called.  So if there is $150 in the pot and you need to call $50, you are getting 3:1 pot odds.

Betting round before any community cards are dealt.

The player who raises before the flop.

A bet made by a player who is out of position to the player who was the last aggressor two streets previous because that player failed to make a continuation bet on the street before to the current one.

A bet made between players in a poker game that has nothing to do with poker.

A bet made with the intention of giving bad odds to players who are catching up or forcing them to fold.


Also knows as four of a kind, it refers to 4 cards of the same rank.


Revealing the next card that would have been dealt if the hand continued.

Aka coin flip.  This occurs when the opposing hands have a roughly equity or equal chance of winning.

A stack of chips of a certain number, usually 100, that have the same denomination.  Can also refer to the plastic tray used to hold poker chips.

A card that is perceived worthless in the current hand.

Place where people who are not part of the game can watch the game.

A person who watches a poker game, usually at the rail.

Board that have different suits.

To increase the bet size in the current round.

Commission taken by the house that hosts the poker game or taken by the poker room operator in online poker games. 

A part of the rake that is given back to players.  Usually done by online poker operators.

The set of  possible hands that a player can have in a given situation.

A situation wherein a player whose possible hands have more equity is a situation wherein that player has range advantage.

The value of a card or hand usually determined in comparison to others.

Occurs when a player exists a game in profit and then returns to the same game with the minimum buy in (lesser buy in than what he took out when he/she exited).

A tournament rule that permits a player who has busted out to re-register in the game.

A tournament mechanic that allows a player to buy a certain number of chips after falling below a predetermined amount.

A hand that has a rank of a set or less that has cards that can make it become a straight or better is said to have a redraw.

The act of playing a hand in such a way as to try to convince an opponent that you hold a hand that you actually don’t.  

Purposefully giving away a sign to your opponents with the purpose of deceiving them.  For example, appearing nervous when you have a strong hand gives a reverse-tell.

Non-online poker games that are not tournaments.

The final community card to be dealt in Holdem and Omaha.

Betting again on the river after raising preflop and betting the flop and turn.

Another name for a Nit.

A straight consisting of cards that have the same suit with Ace as the highest rank.

Agreement to deal the remaining community cards two times after the players involved in the hand have gone all-in.

Making a hand by hitting cards that you need both on the turn and river.


A tournament whose main prize is an entry to a larger tournament.

A card that looks like it can help another player’s hand beat your hand is called a scare card.

Refers to winning the whole pot, usually in a situation where the board is run more than once.

Betting the intention of making the opponent fold, but with a hand that can improve to a winning hand.

Calling with pocket pairs with the goal of hitting a set.

Occurs when two or more players have a set in the current hand, with one set being of higher rank than the other.

A situation when a player has a stack that is relatively low compared to the blinds, usually 25bb or less.

A poker game with 6 or fewer players is said to be shorthanded.

Act of putting all  your chips in the pot.  Also knows as going all in.

Occurs after the river has been dealt where the remaining player exposes their hands to determine who is the winner.

A hand that has a non-zero chance of winning if it reaches showdown is said to have showdown value.

Games that run at the same time as a big tournament.

A separate pot created when there is further action after one player has gone all in.  Since the action continues, which indicates more money is put in and contested, a separate accounting of those should exist (another pot).

A pot that consists of money from a raise and calls to that raise.

A type of poker tournament that begins anytime the required number of players has registered.  Also known as Sit n’ Go.

Refers to the same number as expected value, only expressed as a type of poker currency.

Playing a hand that is perceived to be the winner like it was a weak hand with the objective of keeping players with a perceived weaker hand in the pot and thus winning more money from them.

Not immediately showing a hand at showdown, especially when it is obviously the winner.  

A playing style that aims to keep the pot small, usually used in tournaments to keep a player from getting eliminated.

The smaller of the two forced bets, placed between the Button and the Big Blind.

Also knows as flat call.  Calling when the usual play would normally be a raise.

When you have an instantaneous reaction (call, raise, or fold) to a given action.

Play that is designed to avoid winning money against other players, usually because they are friends or partners.  This is a form of collusion and is a violation.

A computer software that recommends a theoretically optimal play in a given scenario.

The play recommended by a solver in  given situation.

The act of throwing chips in the pot in a disorderly way that makes it hard to count the pot.

Pot that is won by two or more players.

Poker games that have limit betting structure in which bets and raises have a range of sizes rather than distinct fixed amounts.

A raise that is made after one or more players call a previous raise.  It is designed to make the other players fold and win the pot right then and there.

The ratio of the size of a player’s  stack relative to the size of the pot.

Indicate how big the poker games is, denoted in either blind sizes or buy-in amount.

The name of the process in which a person finances a poker player so that he/she could avoid the financial risk of the game.

Also knows as  hold cards or the cards that are dealt to a player by the dealer.

Raising, usually from late position, with the goal of making the blinds fold.

To play while being angry is to steam.

Refers to the act of calling a raise out of position in relation to the raiser, with the intention of betting after the card in the next street has been dealt.

Extra blind that is placed to the left of the Big Blind.

A made hand composed of consecutively ranked cards.  

Similar to a straight with the addition that all cards have the same suit.

Also refers to the current betting round.

An action in which the bet is made with the player not placing all the intended chips in the pot at once, with the intention of extracting information.

Refers to a how much a  tournament’s blinds, ante’s are on each level and the duration of time associated with it.

The situation wherein a player who is statistically unlikely to win a hand wins the hand by hitting outs that are statistically unlikely to be drawn.

Means cards of the same suite.

Hole cards of the same suit AND consecutive rank.

A deal involving players wherein they agree to give a percentage of their winnings to the other/s.  Usually done in tournaments.


Poker standard that states that the chips on the table consists all the money that player has in play.

A player that plays a narrow range preflop and plays it aggressively postflop.

Refers to the act of thinking before taking action.

A sign, usually physical, that gives information to other players regarding the strength of one’s hand.

Refers to the how the board cards connect with each other and how they potentially make draws and made hands when combined with players’ cards.

Playing in a frustrated or angry manner that usually results after a loss and that usually leads to unreasonable decisions that lead to further loss.

A made hand that consists of 2 pairs made up of the highest and lowest ranked cards in the board.  Example, on a board of A63, having A3 would mean you have Top and Bottom.

A pair that is made with the highest card on the board.

A hand made up of two pairs that consist of the top two cards on the board.  Example, on a board of K92, having K9 in your hand would mean you have top two pairs. 

A type of poker game where players all start with the same stack and where the blinds go up after certain time intervals.  It is played until only 1 player remains.

Acronym for Top Pair Middle Kicker.  Middle Kicker is relative, but usually revers to cards from 7 to J.

Acronym for Top Pair Top Kicker (Ace kicker). 

Acronym for Top Pair Weak Kicker.  Weak kicker usually refers to cards from 2 to 6.

The act of playing the hand in a manner of making other players put more money in the pot

Refers to a made hand that has 3 cards of the same rank, but wherein two of the said three cards are from the board, and not from one’s hole cards.

Refers to a tournament with a time interval for levels that are faster than normal.

The street that comes after the Flop (or first three community cards).

A bet made on the turn after the same player has raised prelop and bet the flop.


Refers to the position to the left of the Big Blind.

Means winning consecutively in a way that is more than expected.  

The player who is mathematically less likely to win the hand.  Also known as dog.

Cards that are dealt face up.


Bet made by a player with the perceived superior hand designed to enlarge the pot.

When you are discussing a poker hand,  you refer to your opponent/s as the villain/s.

Refers to the result that differs from the expected result.  

Acronym for Voluntary Put Money In Pot.  It measure the percentage of hands that a player plays.

The money a casino charges to pay for its operating costs.


A board is said to be wet when it makes several straight and/or flush drawing/made hands possible.

A straight consisting of Ace to 5.

A card that can represent any rank.

A straight draw consisting of two board cards and 3 or 4 hole cards that has at least 9 outs to improve.

Acronym for Won Money At Showdown.  It’s a statistic used to measure the percentage of the time a player wins at showdown.

Acronym for Went To Showdown.  Statistic used to measure the percentage of the time a player reaches showdown out of all of the times he involves himself in the pot.

Acronym for Won When Saw Flop.  A statistic used to measure the percentage of the time a player wins after reaching the flop.




A type of poker game wherein players are put together in a pool so that they can begin a new hand immediately after folding their last one.

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